1476. Subrectangle Queries

#### QUESTION:

Implement the class SubrectangleQueries which receives a rows x cols rectangle as a matrix of integers in the constructor and supports two methods:

1. updateSubrectangle(int row1, int col1, int row2, int col2, int newValue)

Updates all values with newValue in the subrectangle whose upper left coordinate is (row1,col1) and bottom right coordinate is (row2,col2).

2. getValue(int row, int col)

Returns the current value of the coordinate (row,col) from the rectangle.

Example 1:

``````Input
[[[[1,2,1],[4,3,4],[3,2,1],[1,1,1]]],[0,2],[0,0,3,2,5],[0,2],[3,1],[3,0,3,2,10],[3,1],[0,2]]
Output
[null,1,null,5,5,null,10,5]

Explanation
SubrectangleQueries subrectangleQueries = new SubrectangleQueries([[1,2,1],[4,3,4],[3,2,1],[1,1,1]]);
// The initial rectangle (4x3) looks like:
// 1 2 1
// 4 3 4
// 3 2 1
// 1 1 1
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 2); // return 1
subrectangleQueries.updateSubrectangle(0, 0, 3, 2, 5);
// After this update the rectangle looks like:
// 5 5 5
// 5 5 5
// 5 5 5
// 5 5 5
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 2); // return 5
subrectangleQueries.getValue(3, 1); // return 5
subrectangleQueries.updateSubrectangle(3, 0, 3, 2, 10);
// After this update the rectangle looks like:
// 5   5   5
// 5   5   5
// 5   5   5
// 10  10  10
subrectangleQueries.getValue(3, 1); // return 10
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 2); // return 5
``````

Example 2:

``````Input
[[[[1,1,1],[2,2,2],[3,3,3]]],[0,0],[0,0,2,2,100],[0,0],[2,2],[1,1,2,2,20],[2,2]]
Output
[null,1,null,100,100,null,20]
Explanation
SubrectangleQueries subrectangleQueries = new SubrectangleQueries([[1,1,1],[2,2,2],[3,3,3]]);
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 0); // return 1
subrectangleQueries.updateSubrectangle(0, 0, 2, 2, 100);
subrectangleQueries.getValue(0, 0); // return 100
subrectangleQueries.getValue(2, 2); // return 100
subrectangleQueries.updateSubrectangle(1, 1, 2, 2, 20);
subrectangleQueries.getValue(2, 2); // return 20
``````

Constraints:

``````There will be at most 500 operations considering both methods: updateSubrectangle and getValue.
1 <= rows, cols <= 100
rows == rectangle.length
cols == rectangle[i].length
0 <= row1 <= row2 < rows
0 <= col1 <= col2 < cols
1 <= newValue, rectangle[i][j] <= 10^9
0 <= row < rows
0 <= col < cols
``````

#### SOLUTION:

``````class SubrectangleQueries(rectangle: Array<IntArray>) {

var targetArray : Array<IntArray> = rectangle

fun updateSubrectangle(row1: Int, col1: Int, row2: Int, col2: Int, newValue: Int) {
for (i in row1..row2) {
for (j in col1..col2) {
targetArray[i][j] = newValue;
}
}
}

fun getValue(row: Int, col: Int): Int {
return targetArray[row][col]
}

}
``````
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