565. Array Nesting

#### QUESTION:

A zero-indexed array A consisting of N different integers is given. The array contains all integers in the range [0, N - 1].

Sets S[K] for 0 <= K < N are defined as follows:

S[K] = { A[K], A[A[K]], A[A[A[K]]], … }.

Sets S[K] are finite for each K and should NOT contain duplicates.

Write a function that given an array A consisting of N integers, return the size of the largest set S[K] for this array.

Example 1:

``````Input: A = [5,4,0,3,1,6,2]
Output: 4
Explanation:
A[0] = 5, A[1] = 4, A[2] = 0, A[3] = 3, A[4] = 1, A[5] = 6, A[6] = 2.

One of the longest S[K]:
S[0] = {A[0], A[5], A[6], A[2]} = {5, 6, 2, 0}

``````

Note:

1. N is an integer within the range [1, 20,000].
2. The elements of A are all distinct.
3. Each element of array A is an integer within the range [0, N-1].

s0 = a0 a5 a6 a2

s1 = a1 a4

s2 = a2 a0 a5 a6

s3 = a3

s4 = a4 a1

s5 = a5 a6 a2 a0

s6 = a6 a2 a0 a5

#### SOLUTION:

``````public class Solution {
public int arrayNesting(int[] nums) {
boolean[] keys = new boolean[nums.length];
int result = 0;
for(int i = 0;i<nums.length;i++){
int key = i;
if(keys[i])
continue;
int count = 0;
while (!keys[nums[key]]){
key = nums[key];
keys[key] = true;
count++;
}
result = Math.max(result,count);
}
return result;
}
}
``````
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