1008. Construct Binary Search Tree from Preorder Traversal


Return the root node of a binary search tree that matches the given preorder traversal.

(Recall that a binary search tree is a binary tree where for every node, any descendant of node.left has a value < node.val, and any descendant of node.right has a value > node.val. Also recall that a preorder traversal displays the value of the node first, then traverses node.left, then traverses node.right.)

Example 1:

Input: [8,5,1,7,10,12] Output: [8,5,10,1,7,null,12] img


1 <= preorder.length <= 100 The values of preorder are distinct.


题意是:填充一个二叉查找树,要求前序查找后的结果和之前的order一样。 那么前序查找的结果就是: 1.第一个数是根节点 2.然后比这个数小的都在左节点,比这个数大的都在右节点 3.循环,直到最后的叶节点


class Solution {
    public TreeNode bstFromPreorder(int[] preorder) {
        if(preorder.length==0)return null;
        TreeNode root = bstFromPreorderHelper(preorder,0,preorder.length-1);
        return root;
    public static TreeNode bstFromPreorderHelper(int[] preorder,int start,int end){
        if(start==end) return new TreeNode(preorder[start]);
        if(start>end) return null;
        TreeNode root = new TreeNode(preorder[start]);
        int index = -1;
        for(int i = start+1;i<=end;i++){
                index = i;
        if(index == -1)
            root.left = bstFromPreorderHelper(preorder,start+1,end);
        else if(index==start+1)
            root.right = bstFromPreorderHelper(preorder,index,end);
            root.left = bstFromPreorderHelper(preorder,start+1,index-1);
            root.right = bstFromPreorderHelper(preorder,index,end);

        return root;