1365. How Many Numbers Are Smaller Than the Current Number

#### QUESTION:

Given the array nums, for each nums[i] find out how many numbers in the array are smaller than it. That is, for each nums[i] you have to count the number of valid j’s such that j != i and nums[j] < nums[i].

Return the answer in an array.

Example 1:

``````Input: nums = [8,1,2,2,3]
Output: [4,0,1,1,3]
Explanation:
For nums[0]=8 there exist four smaller numbers than it (1, 2, 2 and 3).
For nums[1]=1 does not exist any smaller number than it.
For nums[2]=2 there exist one smaller number than it (1).
For nums[3]=2 there exist one smaller number than it (1).
For nums[4]=3 there exist three smaller numbers than it (1, 2 and 2).
``````

Example 2:

``````Input: nums = [6,5,4,8]
Output: [2,1,0,3]
Example 3:

Input: nums = [7,7,7,7]
Output: [0,0,0,0]
``````

Constraints:

``````2 <= nums.length <= 500
0 <= nums[i] <= 100
``````

#### EXPLANATION:

1. 遍历数组，将个数字的次数记录下来
2. 再次遍历数组，记录比自己小的数，也就是用一个count来记录目前已经统计的数
3. 遍历数组，通过index就可以直接获取到小于当前的数

#### SOLUTION:

``````    public static int[] smallerNumbersThanCurrent(int[] nums) {
int[] arr = new int[101];
for(int n:nums) arr[n]++;
int count=0;
for(int i=0;i<arr.length;i++){
int cur = arr[i];
arr[i]=count;
count+=cur;
}
int[] res = new int[nums.length];
for(int i=0;i<nums.length;i++){
res[i] = arr[nums[i]];
}
return res;
}
``````