1525. Number of Good Ways to Split a String

#### QUESTION:

You are given a string s.

A split is called good if you can split s into two non-empty strings sleft and sright where their concatenation is equal to s (i.e., sleft + sright = s) and the number of distinct letters in sleft and sright is the same.

Return the number of good splits you can make in s.

Example 1:

``````Input: s = "aacaba"
Output: 2
Explanation: There are 5 ways to split "aacaba" and 2 of them are good.
("a", "acaba") Left string and right string contains 1 and 3 different letters respectively.
("aa", "caba") Left string and right string contains 1 and 3 different letters respectively.
("aac", "aba") Left string and right string contains 2 and 2 different letters respectively (good split).
("aaca", "ba") Left string and right string contains 2 and 2 different letters respectively (good split).
("aacab", "a") Left string and right string contains 3 and 1 different letters respectively.
``````

Example 2:

``````Input: s = "abcd"
Output: 1
Explanation: Split the string as follows ("ab", "cd").
``````

Constraints:

``````1 <= s.length <= 105
s consists of only lowercase English letters.
``````

#### EXPLANATION:

1. 将整个s放在字典里, 以ch为key, count为value
2. 接着遍历, 通过每次另外一个dic来保存左边的key和count
3. 将右边的减少对应ch, 如果为0, 那么就remove对应的key
4. 比对两边的key的count, 如果一样, 就说明是good. 否则就不是
5. 将result结果返回即可.

#### SOLUTION:

``````class Solution {
func numSplits(_ s: String) -> Int {
var dic:Dictionary<Character, Int> = [:]
for ch in s {
dic[ch, default: 0] += 1
}
var left:Dictionary<Character, Int> = [:]
var result = 0
for ch in s {
left[ch, default: 0] += 1
dic[ch] = dic[ch]! - 1
if dic[ch] == 0 {
dic.removeValue(forKey: ch)
}
if left.keys.count == dic.keys.count {
result += 1
}
}
return result
}
}
``````