1688. Count of Matches in Tournament

#### QUESTION:

You are given an integer n, the number of teams in a tournament that has strange rules:

If the current number of teams is even, each team gets paired with another team. A total of n / 2 matches are played, and n / 2 teams advance to the next round. If the current number of teams is odd, one team randomly advances in the tournament, and the rest gets paired. A total of (n - 1) / 2 matches are played, and (n - 1) / 2 + 1 teams advance to the next round. Return the number of matches played in the tournament until a winner is decided.

Example 1:

``````Input: n = 7
Output: 6
Explanation: Details of the tournament:
- 1st Round: Teams = 7, Matches = 3, and 4 teams advance.
- 2nd Round: Teams = 4, Matches = 2, and 2 teams advance.
- 3rd Round: Teams = 2, Matches = 1, and 1 team is declared the winner.
Total number of matches = 3 + 2 + 1 = 6.
``````

Example 2:

``````Input: n = 14
Output: 13
Explanation: Details of the tournament:
- 1st Round: Teams = 14, Matches = 7, and 7 teams advance.
- 2nd Round: Teams = 7, Matches = 3, and 4 teams advance.
- 3rd Round: Teams = 4, Matches = 2, and 2 teams advance.
- 4th Round: Teams = 2, Matches = 1, and 1 team is declared the winner.
Total number of matches = 7 + 3 + 2 + 1 = 13.
``````

Constraints:

``````1 <= n <= 200
``````

#### SOLUTION:

``````class Solution {
func numberOfMatches(_ n: Int) -> Int {
var result = 0
var sum:Int = n
while sum != 1 {
if sum % 2 == 0 {
sum = sum / 2
result += sum
} else {
sum = sum / 2
result += sum
sum = sum + 1
}
}
return result
}
}
``````