921. Minimum Add to Make Parentheses Valid


Given a string S of ‘(‘ and ‘)’ parentheses, we add the minimum number of parentheses ( ‘(‘ or ‘)’, and in any positions ) so that the resulting parentheses string is valid.

Formally, a parentheses string is valid if and only if:

It is the empty string, or It can be written as AB (A concatenated with B), where A and B are valid strings, or It can be written as (A), where A is a valid string. Given a parentheses string, return the minimum number of parentheses we must add to make the resulting string valid.

Example 1:

Input: “())” Output: 1 Example 2:

Input: “(((“ Output: 3 Example 3:

Input: “()” Output: 0 Example 4:

Input: “()))((“ Output: 4


S.length <= 1000 S only consists of ‘(‘ and ‘)’ characters.


这个题目和有一道题目重合了,其实,只要想到如果配对就可以,如果是(,那么就先保存,如果是),则看看前一个是不是(,如果是,那么就可以组合成一对,不是就需要添加。那么从这个逻辑就可以看出,其实我们需要的数据结构是stack,先进后出的结果。逻辑就是: 1.循环遍历


class Solution {
    public int minAddToMakeValid(String S) {
        Stack<Character> stack = new Stack<>();
        char[] chars = S.toCharArray();
        for(int i = 0;i<chars.length;i++){
            if(chars[i]=='(') stack.push('(');
            else if(chars[i]==')'){
                if(stack.size()!=0 && stack.peek()=='(') stack.pop();
                else stack.push(')');
        return stack.size();